Cardiac Muscle and CoQ10

Cardiac Muscle and CoQ10

Coenzyme Q10, or CoQ10, is a substance in every cell that helps mitochondria convert glucose into adenosine triphosphate (ATP). CoQ10 is believed to act as an antioxidant in the body, as explained by the University of Maryland Medical Center. In many cases, CoQ10 has been used extensively to treat cardiac conditions, such as heart attack, heart failure, high blood pressure, and potentially high cholesterol. Take a look at what CoQ10 does to benefit the heart and what this means for maintaining health.

Where Is CoQ10 Found in the Body?

CoQ10 is found naturally in high quantities in most of the organs in the body, explains MedlinePlus. Unfortunately, many different diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases, tend to result in low levels of CoQ10. For example, those with high cholesterol levels may take cholesterol-lowering medications. However, cholesterol-lowering medications also result in a decreased level of CoQ10in the body.

Why Is CoQ10 Important in the Heart?

Cardiac muscle tissue, as well as other tissues in the body, requires the presence of CoQ10 in the production of ATP. Unlike skeletal muscle tissue, which is used for moving the appendages, cardiac muscle tissue must repeatedly contract and relax throughout a lifetime, without stopping. As a result, CoQ10 can be termed as a necessary nutrient in the effective functioning of the heart.

 

CoQ10 Versus Omega 3s

Often, an individual may feel taking multiple supplements is counterproductive to focusing on a single supplement. The research on omega-3s for heart health has been quite extensive and appears to suggest an omega-3 supplement will help reduce the risk of heart disease and other cardiac problems. However, CoQ10 is more involved in the actual action of individual cardiac cells. As a result, an individual may assume a CoQ10 supplement will benefit heart health when taking a substance that’s known to deprive the body of CoQ10levels, especially statins. In the publication, Coenzyme Q10 Supplementation For the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, researchers sought to find if CoQ10’s antioxidant properties were of benefit in the prevention of heart disease.

Since previous studies suggest a CoQ10 deficiency accompanies cardiovascular disease, researchers studied a total of 218 participants in a randomized study. Participants were split into six groups, and some groups were given a supplementation of CoQ10, while others were given a placebo. Furthermore, the participants were made up of healthy adults and those at high risk of developing heart disease. In the study, researchers found CoQ10 supplementation in patients on statin therapeutic medications did not see a non-statin related decrease in cholesterol levels, i.e. CoQ10 did not negatively interact with the statin. However, one of the groups did appear to show a reduction in total triglyceride and LDL cholesterol at three months after starting the trial. Ultimately, CoQ10 supplementation seemed to provide some benefits, yet evidence did not suggest a CoQ10 supplement would have similar protective effects of omega-3s on preventing cardiovascular problems.

The body is comprised of multiple organ systems, and the cardiovascular system makes up one of the most intriguing and complicated systems in the body. At first glance, the heart and vascular tissues seem to serve a simple purpose, yet poor lifestyle choices may result in many different problems. Unfortunately, treating these problems may cause the lowering of CoQ10 levels throughout the body. As a result, cardiac tissue may be deprived of adequate levels of CoQ10, a necessary component in the conversion of glucose to ATP.  Basically, a CoQ10 supplement may be beneficial when another problem has already arisen, while an omega 3 supplement may be of greater benefit for prevention.